Caelli, T., Bischof, W. F., and Liu, Z.-Q. (1988). Filter-based models for pattern classification. Pattern Recognition, 21, 639-650.

In this paper we consider a technique for pattern classification based upon the development of prototypes which capture the distinguishing features ("disjunctive prototypes") of each pattern class and, via cross-correlation with incoming test images, enable efficient pattern classification. We evaluate such a classification procedure with prototypes based on the images per se (direct code), Gabor scheme (multiple fixed filter representation) and an edge (scale space-based) coding scheme. Our analyses, and comparisons with human pattern classification performance, indicate that the edge-only disjunctive prototypes provide the most discriminating classification performance and are the more representative of human behaviour.

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