Di Lollo, V. and Bischof, W. F. (1991). Displacement limit (dmax) of sampled directional motion: direct and indirect estimates. Perception and Psychophysics, 49, 176-186.

The maximum displacement at which directional motion can be seen, known as dmax, has been said to define the spatial limits of the short-range motion system. Turano and Pantle (1985) used duration of motion aftereffect (MAE)to estimate the spatial limit of the short-range system, the assumption that dmax (a direct measure of motion perception) and MAE (an indirect measure) are equivalent indices of the same underlying perceptual process. In a series of four experiments, we examined this assumption by measuring dmax and duration ofMAE across a range of displacements, stimulus waveforms (sine- or square-wave gratings), and spatial frequencies. We found that dmax and duration ofMAE were affected differently by changes in the same variables. Therefore, we concluded that the two indices cannot be regarded as equivalent measures of the spatial limits of the short-range process. Two novel effects that separated MAE from motion detection are described, and suggestions for exploring them are outlined.

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