2004 Bioinformatics Z. Lu, D. Szafron, R. Greiner, P. Lu, D.S. Wishart, B. Poulin, J. Anvik, C. Macdonell, and R. Eisner, Predicting Subcellular Localization of Proteins using Machine-Learned Classifiers, Bioinformatics, Volume 20, Issue 4, March 2004, pp. 547 - 556. abstract or pdf or preprint abstract or preprint pdf.
Abstract:

Motivation: Identifying the destination or localization of proteins is key to understanding their function and facilitating their purification. A number of existing computational prediction methods are based on sequence analysis. However, these methods are limited in scope, accuracy and most particularly breadth of coverage. Rather than using sequence information alone, we have explored the use of database text annotations from homologs and machine learning to improve substantially the prediction of subcellular location. Results: We have constructed five machine-learning classifiers for predicting subcellular localization of proteins from animals, plants, fungi, Gram-negative bacteria and Grampositive bacteria, which are 81% accurate for fungi and 92 94% accurate for the other four categories. These are the most accurate subcellular predictors across the widest set of organisms ever published. Our predictors are part of the Proteome Analyst web-service.

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