1997mmcn J.Z. Li, I. Goralwalla, M.T. Özsu and D. Szafron, Modeling Video Temporal Relationships in an Object Database Management System, Multimedia Computing and Networking 1997, San Jose, California, February, 1997, pp. 80-91. abstract or pdf.

One of the key aspects of videos is the temporal relationship between video frames. In this paper we propose a tree-based model for specifying the temporal semantics of video data. We present a unique way of integrating our video model into an object database management system which has rich multimedia temporal operations. We further show how temporal histories are used to model video data and explore the video objectbase using object-oriented techniques. Such a seamless integration gives a uniform interface to end users. The integrated video objectbase management system supports a broad range of temporal queries.