1993pdt J. Schaeffer, D. Szafron, G. Lobe and I. Parsons, The Enterprise Model for Developing Distributed Applications, IEEE Parallel & Distributed Technology, Vol. 1, No. 3, August 1993, pp. 85-96. abstract or pdf.

Enterprise lets developers write sequential code and then graphically express the parallelism in their applications using an analogy to a business organization. The system automatically converts the application to run on a network of workstations. Because the (sequential) code that calls the parallel procedures is independent of these procedures, programmers can adapt applications to varying numbers and types of processors without rewriting their code. Enterprise's analogy between program structure and organizational structure eliminates inconsistent terminology (pipelines, masters, slaves, and so on) and introduces a consistent terminology based on assets.