Moreau, M., Ochoa, V., Pham, V. T., Boulanger,P., Redarce, T., and Dupuis O. (2007). Evaluation of Obstetric Gestures: An Approach Based on the Curvature of 3D Positions. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society Annual International Conference, pp.169-179, Lyon, France.

This paper presents a method to evaluate a gesture carried out by a resident obstetrician doctors by comparing it to a gesture carried out by an expert obstetrician doctors. The studied gesture is the forceps blade placement. Residents were recorded on a childbirth simulator while placing forceps blades. Their paths were compared in order to evaluate how similar they are to a reference path defined by an expert. The comparison method is developed with respect to expert requests: time independence and in considering the whole set of data and not only particular points. In order to respect these requests, the developed method lies on the correlation coefficient between the path curvatures. Residents have been trained on a simulator and their gestures were evaluated by comparing their path curvatures to reference path curvatures. Quantitative results confirm the qualitative analysis, residents become more similar to the reference while training on simulator.

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