Moreau, R., Ochoa, V., Pham, M.T., Boulanger, P., Redarce, T., Dupuis, O. (2008) Evaluation of Obstetric Gestures: An Approach Based on the Curvature of Quaternions, In 30th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada .

The measurements from registered Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) and a photogrammetric sensor are used to track three-dimensional shape variations of orthodontic patients along their treatments. The methodology consists of five main steps: (1) The patient's bone and skin shapes are measured in 3D using the fusion of a CBCT and a photogrammetric sensor. (2) The bone shape is extracted from the CBCT data using a standard marching cube algorithm. (3) The bone and skin shape measurements are registered using titanium targets located on the head of the patient. (4) Using a manual segmentation technique the head and lower jaw geometry are extracted separately to deal with jaw motion at the different visit. (5) Using natural features of the upper head the two datasets are then registered with each other and then compared to evaluate bone, teeth, and skin displacements before and after treatments. This procedure is now used daily at the University of Alberta orthodontic clinic.

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