CMPT 603, Winter 2000
Things to Keep in Mind when Reading a Research Paper
The ability to answer the following questions after you are have read a research article .either a journal article or a conference paper .is an important aspect of constructing your own literature review in your thesis or other academic work. This is one of the most crucial skills you will want to have to be able to write academic items (or other academic tasks, such as presentations).
When you read an article you should somehow keep track of (a) what the title, author, place of publication, etc., is (duh of course!), and (b) the answers to these questions, conveniently located in the same place as the (a) information. Some people prefer paper, others like electronic storage. But it is important to use some sort of external storage mechanism. No matter how interesting or crucial it seems to you while you read it, and no matter how much you are convinced that you couldnt forget it, you will. There are just too many other things going on in your personal life, your academic life, and too many other articles that you will be reading and trying to remember.
1. What is the main topic of the article?
2. What was/were the main issue(s) the author said they want to discuss?
3. Why did the author claim it was important?
4. How does their work build on others work, in the authors opinion?
5. What simplifying assumptions does the author claim to be making?
6. What did the author do?
7. How did the author claim they were going to evaluate their work and compare it to others?
8. What did the author say were the limitations of their research?
9. What did the author say were the important directions for future research?
The preceding questions are designed to get you to understand what the author said s/he was doing. Additionally, there is a matter of evaluating the work. Each of the above questions could be re-asked about whether the article really did what the author said it did. Many very good research articles start by saying (eg) that, although so-and-so introduced a really important topic, his technique didnt really answer the basic questions. Or, that although the author claimed that the work should be evaluated in such-and-such manner, actually it would be better to evaluate it in some other way. And of course, even when you totally agree with everything said in the article, you can still get good research ideas from following up their "directions for future research".
Your external storage mechanism should have answers to the original nine questions. Additionally, the sort of "follow-up questions" mentioned in the last paragraph could be considered while you are writing up these original answers and some such comments added into the storage mechanism. In this task you should not take too much time detailing everything, but rather just make a few comments and give some of your reasons for thinking what you do. For example, if you think the author missed an important earlier work, you might mention it. If you think their evaluation method was inadequate, you should say so and mention a little about why. If you think some "direction for future research" is really interesting, you should say so. You will also want to ask: "What troubles/excites me about this work?" and not worry about whether the things that excite you have or havent yet been done. Just recognize what they are.
Once you have a number of these sort of entries all on some topic, you will be ready to start constructing a research proposal by considering what things both good and bad have been done on the topic and what still needs to be done.